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Book of Enoch- From God or From Man? ( Jude 1:14-15)

D A OLIVA/10/17/2021


 A. Our text was written by Jude, the Lord's brother in the flesh.

  1. Many questions arise when people read Jude 1:14-15 as quoted from Enoch, e.g. " where is this book now? is it from God or from man?"

  2. We shall study this book to find out if is indeed inspired for Jesus said, "...the truth shall make you free," John 8:32.

 B. Our approach shall be as follows:

  1. Describe the book as to its origin and development

  2. Why was it not included in the Old Testament canon?

  3. How should we treat this book today? Are there lessons to learn from this book?


 A. Description of the Book of Enoch

  1. It was not included in the Old Testament canon of the Jews but accepted as having historical and theological values

  2. Found at Qumran and part of the Dead Sea scrolls

  3. The manuscript was in Ethiopian Geez (a semitic language) used by the Jews

  4.Brought to Europe in the 18th century by James Bruce and translated into English in the 19th century

  5. Containing a section on the 1000-year reign of the Messiah, it was regarded as part of Hebrew apocalyptic literature

  6. Supposedly, it was written, not by Enoch himself, but by a certain Rabbi Ishmael

 B. Why did the Jews reject the Book of Enoch and exclude it from the OT Canon?

  1. Canon means a " set of rules" to determine whether a book is inspired or not. Adjective form is " canonical" and the noun form is " canonicity."

  2. Thus a " canonized" book is one that has met the standard or norm set by the church and her leaders.

  3. The Book of Enoch has " textual nature of several sections which used the Torah (5 books of Moses), the Midrash in Deuteronomy 33:2

  4. That portion described the fallen angels 

  5. Only the Ethiopic Beta Israel (Jewish group) accepts this book as canonical and uses it in Geez liturgical services

  6. Even Christians in the 4th century rejected the Book of Enoch as inspired

  7. In Hebrews 11:5, the writer quoted Genesis 5:24.

  8. Some argue that Jude 1:14-15 quoting Enoch is one proof that the said book is inspired

  9. But having been quoted by any inspired writer does not necessarily mean that such author is already inspired.

 10. Paul quoted someone in Acts 17:28 and  Epimenides in Titus 1:12

 11. These quotations do not necessarily mean that the said authors were inspired by God

 C. How shall Christians treat the Book of Enoch and other apocryphal writings?

  1. As was discussed, this book and similar writings should NOT be regarded as " inspired, inerrant, infallible and authoritative words of God."

  2. Like other apocryphal books, some are right but mostly are historically wrong and inaccurate

  3. Most were written between 164 to 63 B.C.  during the Maccabean Empire, a period the Jews were freed from the tyrant Antiochus IV of Syria

  4. In 325 A.D. during the Council of Nicea, the 39 Old Testament and 27 New Testament books, were declared canonical

  5. These rules were followed in making the Biblical Canon:

  a. New books were compared with old books and those found controversial, e.g. Book of Enoch, were removed.

  b. The Council relied on the promptings of the Holy Spirit in the process of canonicity

  6. Example of a controversial portion in the Book of Enoch:

  a. The fallen angels (sons of God) married the daughters of men and their unions produced giants (the Nephilim) cf Genesis 6:2-4

  b. Jesus said in Matthew 22:30 that " angels do not marry or are given in marriage."


 A. Lesson to learn: the Bible is a complete guide to salvation

   1. Paul in 2 Timothy 3:16-17 wrote that " all scripture is inspired by God...."

   2. Peter also wrote in 2 Peter 1:3 "His divine power has given us everything that pertains to life and godliness."

   3. Nobody should add to or subtract from God's words, Revelation 22:18-19

  B. Invite people to become Christians and rely on the Bible alone as their guide to salvation

  1. Believe, confess, repent and be baptized for the forgiveness of sins and to receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, Acts 2:38

  2. Jesus invites you now in Matthew 11:28-30